The ABGA DNA Program Explained

DNA Strands What does the DNA test do for me?

  • It identifies the specific genetic markers associated with the goat you have tested.
  • It allows for parent verification and future identification of that goat as the parent of any kid(s).
  • It will show on your goat’s registration papers, and on online searches people do that your goat’s identity is verified and recorded through the DNA test.
  • It will allow you to show your goat’s parentage has been verified, if you have requested parent verification.

What does the test do for ABGA?

  • It lets us build our database of information on registered goat. Once we have that start we can ask UC Davis to test the samples for more markers that will give us the opportunity to improve our animals.

Will DNA be used for research?

  • Yes.  UC Davis retains the right to use all samples stored at the VGL for research, whether the tests are performed for individuals, or for individuals through associations.
  • Research and the benefits that it can provide to producers is the main focus of the program for the ABGA.  As more members participate in the DNA testing program this will make meaningful research a reality for our animals for the first time.

Who owns the DNA sample?

  • All DNA samples are stored at UC Davis, and VGL retains the right to use any samples stored there for research, whether they are done for individuals,  or for individuals through registries.
  • For contract customer registries like ABGA, the registry has ultimate ownership of the sample.  However, the owner receives the results of the DNA tests requested on their goats.
  • This gives ABGA members the guarantee that should UC Davis decide to dispose of samples processed through ABGA requests, ABGA can move those samples to another facility so they are still available for research that will benefit all members.

Should it matter to me that the ABGA shares ownership of the sample? Yes, because:

  • It gives you the guarantee that your sample is safe, regardless of what UC Davis may decide in the future.
  • It makes it easier  and cheaper for members to DNA test their goats, and verify parentage, if they wish to do that.

Who gets a copy of the DNA Report listing the Markers?

  • For contract customer registries, like ABGA, the owner of the goat will receive a copy of the results to be kept with the animal, and the registry receives a copy of the results to be stored in the appropriate registry herd book.

Does ABGA make the DNA Report on my goat available to anyone else?

  • No, absolutely not.
  • If you want someone to have that information, you must provide it to them yourself.

Can I get other animals DNA results? 

  • No.  Only the owner of the DNA sample can get that information.  The member will need to contact the owner of the animal who is also the owner of the DNA to get those results.

Can the test tell me if my goat is a percentage or fullblood?

  • No. Absolutely not.  With current information available, there is no way to tell what percentage Boer is in a goat.

Is there an extra fee for parent verification?

  •  No.  The ABGA included this service in our price of doing the DNA test.

Will I be told who the parents are?

  •  No.  The test will show how close they matched, or didn’t match what you indicated on the form.

Can I request parent verification of my goat(s) if I don’t own one of the parents?

  • Yes, but only if you verify parentage through ABGA, the parents are registered and have been DNA tested through ABGA.
  • The goat you are verifying parentage of must have some form of an ABGA registration or listing paper number and then all you need is the goat’s parents’ registration numbers to verify the parentage of your goat.
  • If the goat’s parents have not been DNA tested, you would need to order DNA test sample kits on the parents as well as the goat at the same time. If you verify through UC Davis, and/or your goat’s parents have not been DNA tested through ABGA, you must have the VGL Case ID number from their owner.

Do I need to keep a sample of the hair also?

  • Both UC Davis and ABGA suggest that when you pull a sample to send in for testing, you pull another sample.  Place it in an envelope the same way you do the sample you’re sending in and write the identifying information on the envelope.  Store it in a DRY, safe place.  The best protection of your sample is to leave it in storage at UC Davis where there are documented safeguards in place.

Who Owns the Rights to Do Research on the Sample or Sell those Rights?

  • A sample by itself is worthless for research.  However, UC Davis retains research rights on all samples it houses, whether they come from individual customers or contract customer associations, like the ABGA.
  • Here is the language each customer receives from UC Davis: [USE OF DATA.  All Research data, including but not limited to, all notebooks, DNA typing protocols, original laboratory records, and any research reports, shall be usable by University in pursuit of its mission of teaching, research and public service.  University reserves the right, subject to individual confidentiality requirements, to publish any or all research results developed from such data.] 

Why is ABGA making this program mandatory in 2015?

  • Although ABGA must account for a set number of DNA tests being done during the contract year, ABGA decided to wait until Jan 1, 2015 to make this program mandatory on bucks being used to sire other registered animals.
  • 2014 was our transition period in order to allow members to voluntarily test their animals and to prepare for the mandatory requirements of 2015.
  • Our goal is to double or triple the Boer Goat data base to use for research in the next 3 to 5 years and hopefully be able to assist breeders in producing hardier animals.

  IF YOU HAVE QUESTIONS, ASK BELOW AND YOU WILL RECEIVE A RESPONSE WITHIN 48 BUSINESS HOURS.

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2 Comments

  1. Chris Barker
    Posted July 26, 2015 at 8:51 pm | Permalink

    If I work directly with UC Davis, how much does ABGA charge to process ?

    • Mary Ellen
      Posted July 27, 2015 at 9:49 am | Permalink

      It will be $12.00 to add the information into the database.

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